Bangladesh has been a WTO member since 1 January 1995 and a member of GATT since 16 December 1972.
SPS in Bangladesh
As a signatory of the WTO’s Agreement on Sanitary and Phyto Sanitary (SPS) measures, Bangladesh has SPS regime and institutional mechanism in place to administer SPS measures with the objective of protecting life and health of human, animals, and plants.
Bangladesh considers SPS measures from two points of view: (i) import point of view and (ii) export point of view, administered on the basis of number of laws and related regulations.
Major Laws for SPS
The Bangladesh Standards and Testing Institution (Amendment) Act, 2003
The Pesticide Ordinance, 1971 (and Rules, Amended in 2010)
Agricultural Pest Ordinance, 1962
The Destructive Insects and Pests Rules (Plant Quarantine), 1966 (Amended in 1989)
The Agriculture Produce Market Regulation Act, 1964
The Conservation and Protection of Fish Act, 1950
The Fish and Fish Product (Inspection and Quality Control) Ordinance, 1983
The Animal Slaughter and Meat Standard (Control) Act, 2005
The Animal Disease Act, 2005 (and Rules, 2008)
The Animal and Animal Products Quarantine Act, 2005
Bangladesh Accreditation Board Act, 2006
Safe Food Act, 2013
Import Policy Order (issued periodically once in every 3 years)
The WTO Cell at the Ministry of Commerce, Bangladesh is the National Notification Authority for SPS issues in Bangladesh.
The major public institutions directly involved in SPS administration and policy framing are the following ministries and attached departments:-
Ministry of Commerce
Ministry of Industries
Ministry of Health and Family welfare
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock
Ministry of Environment and Forest
National Board of Revenue
Safe Food Authority
Bangladesh Accreditation Board
BSTI (Bangladesh Standards and Testing Institutions) under the Ministry of Industries
Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE) under the Ministry of Agriculture
Various laboratories under various Ministries (BCSIR, BUET, BARI, etc.)
Tipu Munshi, MP Honorable Minister, Ministry of Commerce